Issue 2 – May 2022


A professional journal of practice based on psychotherapeutic methods

A quarterly publication 31st year, issue 2. May 2022.





Henrietta Benkő, István Tiringer



Questions of practice

István Tiringer, Gábor Szőnyi: To the methodology of teaching psychotherapy ethics: experiences with fictitious cases in ethical sensitisation

Methodological study

David Tuckett: Transference and transference interpretation revisited: Why a parsimonious model of practice may be useful. II/1.

Overview study

Ágnes Pálvölgyi, Gabriella Goschi: The differentiation of sports psychology

Research study

Edina Kovács: Healing stories: the impacts of playback theatre on mental health




Gábor Szőnyi: The context of education. The context of general and method-specific psychotherapist training (discussion paper)




On the psychological care of Ukrainian refugees


„Sitting in a large group is like being a glass plate in a kaleidoscope” Portrait of Piroska Milák

Discussions, comments

Background: About the guidelines for specialised psychological interventions – Péter Kovács

Discussion on pro bono psychotherapy – Péter Antal-Bacsó ♦ Dániel Vattay

Ethical dilemmas of therapeutic practice 37th: Ilona Fonyó ♦ Kálmán Torma ♦ Illés Kovács


In memoriam – Mihály Csíkszentmihályi – Attila Oláh

In memoriam – Tom Ormay – Zoltán Terenyi


Conferences – Mária Barna ♦ Katalin Wiesenberg Alexandra Schultz, Rebeka Simon

Theatre letter – Noémi Berger

Medal of Honour – Éva Bányai

Book reviews – Júlia Jakab ♦ Tibor Cece Kiss

List of professional books and periodicals

Professional programs




Questions of practice

István Tiringer, Gábor Szőnyi

To the methodology of teaching psychotherapy ethics: experiences with fictitious cases in ethical sensitisation


Ethical stance is a key component of a good psychotherapist’s competencies. Deviating from the traditional method (theoretical presentation of ethical rules combined with case studies of ethical cases), the authors’ practice focuses on the process of ethical misconduct, the experience of dilemmas, and includes the practice: the emotionally-organizationally critical issue of initiating an ethical procedure.

The ethical examples used by the authors are drawn from everyday professional incident fragments and illustrate how a therapist’s problematic behaviour can lead to damage or significant rupture of the therapeutic relationship.

The authors used the fictional cases in two forms: interactive seminars and as examples of the ethics column of the journal Psychotherapy. The introductory part of the paper is followed by a detailed description of the experiences of an ethics workshop organised at a conference, followed by a summary of the experiences of the ethics column.

The authors emphasise that an ethics procedure is very stressful for the patient, the therapist and the association concerned. It may be covert, but it can be even more traumatic if the ethical misconduct does not lead to action, even though it would be justified. As with any crisis, an ethical procedure that shakes the association can cause further damage, but it can also lead to creative development in which the ethical culture of the professional environment is strengthened.


Keywords: psychotherapy ethics – fictitious cases – ethical sensitisation – ethical procedure – ethical culture


Methodological study

David Tuckett

Transference and transference interpretation revisited: Why a parsimonious model of practice may be useful. II/1.


Overview study

Ágnes Pálvölgyi, Gabriella Goschi

The differentiation of sports psychology

This study presents selected passages from the Textbook of Sports Psychology, called Dobbantó (‘Springboard’), which will be published in spring 2022. This book is for people involved in the sports sector, such as athletes, sports management, PE teachers, parents. We perceive and believe that sports psychology work needs to be highly grounded in psychological knowledge. In line with this concept, we edit our books in a scientific but practised-oriented manner. The book is usable and the style of the book is understandable for the psychologists as well as the sports professionals. We present two weighty chapters out of the book here. One describes the ethical problems of the sports psychology work the second one tries to clear the situation among the helping professionals in the field of sport. In our opinion, both two topics will be essential for the profession of sports psychology to evolve and settle a stable professional identity. We give an overview of the Hungarian qualifications in the sports field and emphasize those deficits which could negatively affect the psychology profession. At the end of our study, we will also discuss the possibilities of developing a Hungarian complex qualification system for sports psychology. We hope, that by doing so, we will add to the understanding of the roles of sports specialists, and that we can further elucidate the boundaries of their competence. At the end of the article, we refer to how a complex Hungarian qualification system in sports psychology could be developed. The work method of the help care system could be more transparent.


Keywords: sports psychology textbookprofessional identitycompetence boundariesethics of (sports)psychologyHungarian complex qualification system for sports psychology(K2)


Research study

Edina Kovács

Healing stories: the impacts of playback theatre on mental health


The method of playback theatre evolved in parallel with psychodrama, first developed by Moreno in 1921, and then developed into its current form in 1975 by Moreno’s students. The enclosed nature of the rites of playback theatre explains why it gives the storytellers enough safety to open and correct the internal narrative, although a playback theatre performance does not create the setting of a closed self-awareness or therapy group. From the research described in the literature, five main areas emerged, in which the playback theatre method can have a developmental impact. The first is self-esteem and self-assessment, the second is self-awareness, the third is the reworking of crises and traumas and the creation of a better narrative. The fourth is empathy: understanding and accepting others, and the fifth area is experiencing community existence. I asked about these five areas in my questionnaire. The questionnaire was completed between 12th January and 10th February 2021. The questionnaire was completed by 26 respondents. The results suggest that playback theatre could play a relevant role in the proper functioning of socialisation areas: on the one hand, in professional socialisation and, on the other hand, in the successful socialisation and harmonious personal development of young people. Another important area of mental health is the prevention of mental illness: for example, supervision in occupational areas particularly at risk of burnout or in unblocking professional identity blocks. A third area where playback theatre could be well applied is in the creation of a new narrative, a ‘recovery story’, after mental or long-term somatic illnesses, a return to the life one had before, or, if this is not possible, the creation of a new lifestyle not based on the illness awareness, but active and full.


Keywords: mental health – playback theatre – psychodrama – supervision – narrative psychology



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