Issue 3 – August 2017


a professional journal of practice based on psychotherapeutic methods

A quarterly publication       26th year, issue 3 August 2017



Márta Takácsy, Lili Valkó


Historical study

Kamilla Sarkady, Teodóra Tomcsányi, Gábor Pintér, Judith Teszáry: The beginning alive in the present – the departure of Hungarian psychodrama with some regards to our days

Research study

Zsolt Zalka: What do I seem to you, who do you see in me? The main positions of a psychotherapeutic discourse in the large groups of a therapeutic community

Case study

Erika Stiblár: Transforming in weaving stories – collective fairy tale creation with intermodal fairy tale therapy

Theoretical study

Erzsébet Juhász: The winners and losers of life – The past determinants of our fate and command of life



Survey – Transforming faith in the translation of statistics – statistical results of the 13th conference of the journal of Psychotherapy Márta Takácsy

Team presentation interview – With the leadership of Integrált Kifejezés- és Táncterápiás Egyesület (IKTE) – Noémi Berger, Gábor Szőnyi

Competition – ‘You made me a chid’ – Nóra Verdres



Mocking glass

Lili Valkó, Krisztina Pál: Let’s play ‘Pszichobeugró’ at home

Discussions, comments

Debate: Patients controlling time – Xénia Roszik-Volovik ♦ Annamária Csák ♦ Elvira Kácsándi

Debate: Debate on the ethical samples of the journal – István Tiringer ♦ Zoltán Terenyi ♦ Árpád Mondok ♦ Dániel Kozma-Vízkeleti ♦ Ilona Kónya ♦ József Rácz

Ethical questions in therapeutic practice 21. – Amaryl Árkovits ♦ Kata Bohák ♦ Dániel Kozma-Vízkeleti

Letter to the Editor

Gábor Szőnyi: The mist of the past

News and reports

In memoriam Sára Klaniczay – László Bokor

News, professional life events – László Bokor ♦ Kiss Tibor Cece

Conferences – Zsanett Kepics ♦ Tibor Cece Kiss ♦ Krisztina Pál, Gábor Szőnyi ♦ Márta Takácsy ♦ Mariann Tremkó ♦ Lili Valkó

Book reviews – Noémi Berger Zsuzsanna Kerekes Krisztina Pál István Tiringer

List of professional books and periodicals

Professional programs

Editorial announcements



Historical study

The beginning alive in the present – the departure of Hungarian psychodrama with some regards to our days

Kamilla Sarkady, Teodóra Tomcsányi, Gábor Pintér, Judith Teszáry

The study summarizes the history of psychodrama in Hungary from the beginnings to the end of the first cycle of the Hungarian Psychodrama Association. It presents at length the first steps, the organisational difficulties and the values, as well as how several Hungarian psychodrama movements with different roots cooperated in order to form a common association. We learn about the steps of establishing the Hungarian Psychodrama Association (1989), the professional endeavours and the main goals. In several respects, this part is filling a void in the Hungarian professional literature, given the fact that personal professional initiatives were hardly documented in the Communist era. The further development is only presented schematically, enumerating the association’s presidents, conventions and official foreign relations. All this indicates the pioneering role psychodrama had even back in the years of dictatorship in getting psychotherapy and personality development officially accepted in Hungary. Enthusiasm for psychodrama has been enduring even in our days, its range has grown, and the association has won considerable respect in Europe. The authors are psychodrama trainers as well as directors of the Hungarian Psychodrama Association’s first and second cycle.

Keywords: psychodrama-history – Moreno – Ferenc Mérei – Hungarian Psychodrama Association – past and present



Research study

What do I seem to you, who do you see in me? The main positions of a psychotherapeutic discourse in the large groups of a therapeutic community

Zsolt Zalka

Among the institutions that treat different psychic disorders, there are many where a big group of the people doing the professional service of the organization run a „large group” for some professional reason. The Thalassa House of Budapest also belongs to these institutions. During our action research we studied the relationship between the big group of people making up the organization and the special stage founded by them, the „large group”. In our research we tried to approach what mutual, unreflective expectations (fears, desires), beliefs and personal cognitive constructions join together the „rational” processes that give meaning on the part of the patients and the staff related to the „large group”, what cumulation of everyday attitudes provides the background for professional psychotherapeutic work and what the all-communal „landscape-pattern” is, on the background of which the drama of the „large group” is outlined. During our research we asked the members of the community in semi-structured questionnaires about their opinion on the role of the large group. We analysed the conceptual metaphors occurring in their answers. The picture that unfolds before us this way draws a possible process: the positions represented by the staff and the patients who are at different stages of the therapeutic process show the community level discourse of the work through of the mirror-transference.

Key words: organization – „large group” – theory of mind – dialogue – mirror transference


Case study

Transforming in weaving stories – collective fairy tale creation with intermodal fairy tale therapy

Erika Stiblár

Fairy tale work is suitable for creating a possibility for safe and meaningful individual psychical work even if there is a time pressure. In the group of multiply problematic adolescents our goal was for the students to arrive from forming confidential relationships, over mobilizing their strengths to the symbolizing expression of personal solutions in a short time. In our work we used the approach of soul-organizing fairy tale work and the palette of techniques of intermodal fairy tale therapy, which is a systematic approach method founded on basis of relaxation and symbol therapy. Intermodal fairy tale therapy supports the unfolding of personal narratives along archetypal fairy tale images. The source is the rich system of symbols of folk-tales, but it handles the symbolic work with the priority of the individual interpretation. Folk-tale is soothing and facilitative at the same time; the fairy tale work is suitable for triggering cathartic experiences and for summary as well.

The consultation process consisted of three phases. In this paper I present in detail the session in which we lead the students in individual, then collective fairy tale creation. In my case-study we can follow the evolution of individual and collective narrative in the weaving of stories through displaying the material of one of the participants, in which the individual and collective stories appear strengthening one another.

Keywords: collective creation of fairy tales – individual focus – intermodal fairy tale therapy –  soul-organizing fairy tale work – symbol therapy



Theoretical study

The winners and losers of life – The past determinants of our fate and command of life

Erzsébet Juhász

The essay is searching for a special group of determinants of the forming and shaping of our life coming from the family’s past. It follows the most important stations of the research of the field, from Freud till present. Recently the question of the transgenerational, respectively the intergenerational transmission came into light, many psychotherapeutic trends/deal with it beyond the psychoanalysis, like t the family therapy, the transpersonal trend, the somatotherapy, the hypnotherapy. Transgenerational psychotherapy is developing as well. Almost all of these raise the question of the way of the transmission.

The transactional analysis (TA) founded by Eric Berne discusses the script, the unconscious life plan which determines the human fate as his central subject. The TA as psychotherapeutic trend generally sets his first aim to change the script. The therapist can catch the script better by using the diagnostic tool called script matrix: this is a summary of the parental messages and effects that determine behaviour, self-assessment and life management. It is proposed to complete the script matrix with the geno(socio)gram and the social atom to explore the effects coming from further generations. The research of the transgenerational handover is specially intensive on the field of Holocaust researches, like in works of Teréz Virág. The ideas about the handover of trauma will be shared, beginning with Berne through today’s Hungarian authors till the hypothesis of a researcher transactionalist, Gloria Noriega. The transgenerational point of view is illustrated by case vignettes from literature, the work of the author and her colleagues. The essay is concluded by a short overview of the experiments and hypotheses concerning the transgenerational handover and a review about the therapeutic experience of the transgenerational effects.

Key words: fate – script – transgenerational transmission – transactional analysis (TA) – unconscious communication


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