a professional journal of practice based on psychotherapeutic methods
A quarterly publication 27th year, issue 2, May 2018
Tibor Cece Kiss, Lili Valkó
Anett Felházi: Different ways of annihilation – How do death drive, aggression and destruction effect the psychic organization and psychotherapeutic relationship?
Klára Pulay: When fantasy comes to life… – Specific self and object representations of adoptees
Beáta Ferenczi: The concernment of birth experience and the possibilities and difficulties of its elaboration
Work report – Guidelines for the practice of telepsychology – Andrea Sinkovics
Team presentation interview – With the leadership of the Magyar Családterápiás Egyesület – László Bokor, Tibor Cece Kiss
Questions and answers – Katalin Görbe ♦ Kinga Kiss ♦ Andrea Kövesdi
Competition – Onceupon: One of my important professional experiences – in the form of a tale – Gyöngyvér Kárpáti ♦ Attila Nagy ♦ Márton Nagy ♦ Tímea Békési ♦ Zsuzsanna Simon
Debate on the clinical psychologists’ professional training, exams – Mónika Andrejkovics, Antal Bugán, Katalin Csigó, Anna Géczy, Eszter Hámori, Beáta Kovács-Tóth, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó, Judit Molnár, Katalin Pálmai, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
Debate on the ethical samples of the journal – Mária Tornyossy ♦ Gábor Szőnyi ♦ János Rudas ♦ Éva Urbán
Ethical questions in therapeutic practice 24. – Viktória Simon ♦ Andrea Sinkovics
Conferences – Anna Forgách ♦ Lili Valkó ♦ Gergely Biró, Luca Egervári, Bálint Hajduska-Dér ♦ Zsuzsanna Bognár ♦ Lili Valkó ♦ Gábor Szőnyi István Tiringer
Book and periodical reviews – Imre Balogh ♦ Gábor Szőnyi ♦ István Tiringer
List of professional books and periodicals
Different ways of annihilation
How do death drive, aggression and destruction effect the psychic organization and psychotherapeutic relationship?
Freud introduced and put the notion of death drive on biological bases. It is manifested in the resistance to development. This proposition is retained by the Kleinian theories, which share the idea that death drive is mostly manifested in attacks against thinking and reflectiveness. A. Green expands and redefines Freud’s theory and introduces a new dialectic: life narcissism opposed to death narcissism. Several authors believe that destructivity does not originate from death drive. It is the result of a long and complex pathological development and organization, which is often stimulated by the insensible and emotional indifference of the environment. On mental fields, destructivity serves as the basis for severe psychopathology and is responsible for social and political tragedies. Finding delight in destruction creates a pervert personality structure, in which power, superiority and omnipotence become consummate. Few authors believe that death drive is a congenital disposition however the concept plays an important part in clinical practice. The author presents the pathological personality organizations connected to destructivity and death through case vignettes.
Keywords: death drive – non-thinking – destructive forces – desobjectalizing function – dehumanization
When fantasy comes to life…
Specific self and object representations of adoptees
We know that from the life story of adoptees entire „pages”, if not entire „chapters” are missing, as they have been cut off from their personal roots; they do not know their birth mothers, families or the story of their birth and of their family; the circumstances and reasons of their having been given for adoption; they do not know anything of their genetic heritage. Therefore, it is inevitable that they try to set off and fill in all of this hiatus and gaping void with the help of fantasies. In that way they bring about a number of object- and self-representations which are not based on real experiences, but mainly on fantasies.
A part of these representations relating to adoption, as they are full of fears, fuelling anxiety, jeopardising adjustment, get dissociated and exiled to the subconscious. The literature often calls these images of the fantasy sunk into subconscious as „phantoms” and „ghosts”, who may bring about an entire alternative „shadow cast of characters”, following through the life of the adoptee to the end.
Symbolically speaking, I would like to answer the following question in my study: What sort of typical „shadow cast of characters” can we meet in the world of representations of adoptees in their adulthood? What kind of events, situations, „final words” trigger them, make them burst into „the scene” and take over their role? How do they interfere with, how do they colorize and reshape or even demolish at times or in turn happen to assist the „performance” at the level of the conscious, that is the everyday life of adoptees?
Via parts of some cases I would show how we can bring these „actors” to surface from the shadow world by way of therapy in an altered state of mind and then having familiarised with them, with their origin, their thus far hidden goals and ambitions, get them to participate in the „performance” – but by this stage, already consciously. In other words, how to integrate these dissociated parts of the self and make them part and parcel with a more congruent self.
Keywords: adoption – parts of the self – „shadow cast of character” – KIP – ego state therapy
The concernment of birth experience and the possibilities and difficulties of its elaboration
A child’s birth is a momentous event in the life of a family. Birth is a definitive experience both for the mother and the child, often shared by the father. All participants may live it through as a passively endured failure, or a trauma accompanied by loss of control and helplessness. At the same time it can be a life defining peak experience that gives power and fulfilment. The birth experience is worth of the psychologists’ attention in its complexity, intensity, and richness of emerging emotions. In the following we examine the factors of the quality of the birth-experience, the ways it can turn into the negative or traumatic, and what special attributes the psychological support has, both from the clients’ and the counsellors’ viewpoints. We will cover the process of the elaboration of birth-experience, its importance, and particular characteristics. Because of the sensibility of the pre- and postnatal period, the help requested and given this time can have lifelong effects. By recapping the events on cognitive level, recalling the emotions, weakening the intensity of emotions, and connecting to the events the experience integrates into the person’s and the family’s life story, creating a new narrative for the whole experience.
Keywords: pre-, peri and postnatal period – birth experience – emotional elaborationVissza az előzőre