Lili Valkó and Gábor Szőnyi
Éva Júlia Varga, Tamás Tényi: The psychology of interpretation and creation in the movies of Almodóvar
Stephan Doering: Transference focused psychotherapy (TFP). Translated by Krisztina Csáky-Pallavicini
Andrea Majoros: Neverending Story. Further considerations for a children’s psychodrama case
Ormay István: The traditional Taiji quan from a psychotherapeutic angle
Krisztina Csáky-Pallavicini, Piroska Milák: The TFP workshop
Team presentation interview – Hungarian Psychodrama Association
“Society corner” – Adrien K. Szilágyi: From the Hungarian Association for Hypnotherapy
„Learning from our mistakes” – Ildikó Andó | Péter Kavetzky
Feed-backs from the 11th Conference of this Journal – Tibor Cece Kiss
Debate: Being formal or informal? How to address each other in a therapeutic setting or during a consultation – Noémi Berger | Lili Valkó
Debate: Role of religion – does it hinder or foster therapy or consultation? – Anna Tiringer
Ethical questions in therapeutic practice 13 – László Bokor | Ildikó Erdélyi | Dóra Fischer
News and information
Conferences – Noémi Berger | Elvira Kácsándi, Kuritárné Ildikó Szabó | Noémi, Berger Márta Takácsy | Gabriella Kőpájer | Judit Molnár, Kuritárné Ildikó Szabó | Krisztina Pál | Gábor Szőnyi
Book reviews – Zsuzsanna Kerekes | Róbert Rozgonyi | István Tiringer | Dániel Trixler | Dániel Ványi
Review of the thematic issue of Psychotherapy Research – Gábor Szőnyi
List of professional books and periodicals
The psychology of interpretation and creation in the movies of Almodóvar
Éva Júlia Varga, Tamás Tényi
The authors in their study deal with the connection of psychoanalysis and movies, the psychoanalytic interpretation of Pedro Almadovar’s art from the perspectives of the psychology of creation and interpretation. Beside the introduction of current psychoanalytical theories, they explore their own research. In the later the authors evaluated interviews with psychiatric patients and with healthy volunteers by the use of certain parts of the films (Matador, and All about my mother) directed by Almodóvar. In our essay we introduce the interviews of two psychiatric patients (man with schizophrenia, woman with borderline personality disorder) and a university student, completed with a deep psychological analysis. Apropos of the movies of the director – who is usually pushing the envelopes and demolishing the taboos – are introduced categories like homosexual sensitivity, narcissistic rage or psychic skin theory. Following those theories getting deeper insights to the feelings and repressed psychological processes of the interviewees whose participating in our psychology of interpretation analysis impressed by Norman N. Holland.
Key-words: Almodóvar – psychology of film – psychoanalysis – psychology of interpretation
Transference focused psychotherapy (TFP)
The paper introduces the transference focused psychotherapy (TFP), developed by Otto Kernberg. First, the author sketches the developmental model of the borderline personality structure. Along the levels of personality organization he distinguishes between borderline personality organization and borderline personality disorder. The author displays the structural interview created to distinguish between the structural levels, and introduces the concept of structural diagnosis. Characteristics of the contract in TFP are also disclosed.
The study outlines the therapy process, where identification and working through of transference relations in the hic et nun therapeutic space play central role. The session-to-session use of strategic principles and methodological tactics foster the integration of fragmented self- and-object parts, which lead to structural growth of the personality. Finally, the author discusses the importance of supervision with the help of video-analysing therapeutic sessions. At the end, the author surveys studies which prove the effectiveness of transference focused psychotherapy.
Key-words: transference focused psychotherapy – levels of personality organization – structural interview – structural diagnosis – STIPO – general and individual elements of therapy contract
Translated by Krisztina Csáky-Pallavicini
Questions of practice
Further considerations to a children’s psychodrama case
This paper presents a case that I understood with the help of Michael Ende’s symbolic book The Neverending Story on the one hand, and on the other hand the children therapy theory of analytical psychology. The life stories of two boys ran parallel, like a synchronicity phenomenon: the real child was a member of my children’s psychodrama group, while – preparing for a conference – I analysed the story of Ende’s child hero. The ten-year-old boy lost his father after the divorce of his parents that caused the obstruction of his development, moreover his grief was hindered by the destructive power of the mother’s unconscious. Ende’s protagonist lost his mother to a disease. Neither of the boys received any help from their surroundings to deal with the loss.
The stories and symbols of the book and the information on the life story of the participant child together helped me understand his stories shared and enacted and his behaviour in the group. According to Erich Neumann’s child-development theory it is a difficult path for every child to leave matriarchy and reach patriarchy, but this struggle becomes almost impossible if antagonized by negative maternal forces. Studying the archetypes of the Magna Mater helped me grasp the participant child’s suffering more. The aspects and positive manifestations of the Magna Mater are also present in the female characters of The Neverending Story, and they show us how to transcend our entanglements.
Keywords: The Neverending Story – childhood trauma – Erich Neumann – children’s psychodrama – archetypes of femininity
Being-in-the-world of Oedipus
In my essay, I would like to analyse the main character’s movement from the traumatic revelation of truth to accepting his fate with dignity, based on Sophocles’s works Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone. I analyse this question mainly from a daseinsanalytical and transgenerational point of view. As a seeing person, Oedipus is blinded by abundance and power, while later, as a blind person, he is able to see the essence of things invisible to him before: he realizes he needs to gain control over himself, and not over others, and this can happen through self-knowledge. While he himself manages to empower his fate with meaning, he cannot help his children to fight being stigmatized and become free; this way, three of them die a tragic death. Two of his sons, on the other hand, fall by one-another’s hand as their rivalry intensifies, while his daughter, Antigone – following her mother’s example – commits suicide. That is, he cannot exempt them from the guilt-anxiety due to their origin; in fact, his negative prophecies for them become self-fulfilling, similarly to his father’s, Laius’s, case. Therefore, in the beginning, he himself identifies with the excluding and stigmatizing attitude of the community, and plants an identity of a victim in his children that will prevail as a kind of paternal curse. However, he is able to help and bring blessing to strangers, as Gods forgive the suffering hero, and forecast he will bring good fortune to the people of the land that accepts his remains. By this time, he is able to forgive himself, too, as he acted unconsciously. However, these unconscious deeds (killing his father and marrying his mother) are not identical with the Freudian concept of the unconscious bacause they are not about repression or not-wanting-to-know, but actual not-knowing. The act of receiving the grave symbolically means understanding the moral of one’s fate, which enables a community to survive through avoiding dangers: all suffering has a meaning and significance for the community because most of the suffering in the world is caused by other people.
The traditional Taiji quan from a psychotherapeutic angle
The essay is exposing the personal development possibilities of the ancient Chinese martial art, Taiji quan, focusing on traits especially useful for psychotherapists. Instead of a direct application in therapy I am concentrating on how Tai chi is capable of extending the therapists own therapeutic repertoire. This effect is mainly achieved by the development of the therapist’s personal perception and recognition and formation of intention. Usual academic training does not target this domain of the therapist’s personality and professional activity.
Taiji quan on the other hand may well be an effective developmental method of these implicit personality functions. I am aiming to outline the system of traditional Chen style Taiji quan based on experience, but at the same time I am trying to place it in the conceptual frame of current psychotherapeutic theories. Since this subject, although worth further study, remains relatively untouched so far, I can only refer to general works from a broader perspective.
Keywords: Taiji quan – experimental learning – intention recognition – metallizationVissza az előzőre