Issue 4 – August 2010

Editorial
László Bokor

ARTICLES

Methodological Study
Annamária Zseni: The possibilities of working with dreams in the hypnotherapy process.
The methodological introduction of a new dream technique

Preliminary research study
Ágnes Bálint: Adolescents’ identity projects in the reflection of their novels published on the internet
Overview
Edit Jakubovits, Noémi Császár, Péter Pál Varga: Hypnosis and suggestive techniques within the preoperative period of primer spine tumour and chronic back pain
The way we work…
Nóra Soós, Gábor Szőnyi: Closer to the large group
Gáspár Takách:
Thoughts on the paper of Nóra Soós and Gábor Szőnyi “Closer to the large group”
Tamás Tölgyes:
Comments to the paper of Nóra Soós and Gábor Szőnyi “Closer to the large group”

PROFESSIONAL LIFE

Debates, letters and reflections
Did we need that exam? Feed-backs from the continuing professional development exam connected to the 6. Conference of Pszichoterápia – Anna Szigethi, Enikő Albert-Lőrincz, Gábor Szőnyi
News and reports
Conferences – Marita Punchmann, Judit Vágó
Reviews
Book reviews – Beáta Kaszás, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó, Edit Molnár, Aranka Tiringer, István Tiringer, Edit Virág
About this journal – Mária Koltai
Lists of professional books – Animula, Medicina, MentalPort, Oriold és Tsai, Szt István, Ursus libris
Professional programs

Methodological Study
Annamária Zseni: The possibilities of working with dreams in the hypnotherapy process.
The methodological introduction of a new dream technique

The possibilities of using hypnotic dreams and night-time dreams in hypnosis are introduced. Responses for suggestions can also be triggered post-hypnotically; dreams induced that way actuate the problem-solving skills of the client, their use points towards a way out, in the curing process. The literature of working with night-time dreams is about the treatment of nightmares; changing the outcome of a dream during re-dreaming or the understanding of the dream leads to improvement of symptoms. During my therapy experiences I developed the ?dream room? method, which is a tool for working with night-time dreams in hypnosis. I introduce the method in detail and demonstrate the different forms of hypnotic responses to the calling of dreams, as well as the many forms of the therapist?s interventions. With the help of two case studies I demonstrate how the method can be used in the hypnotherapy process to help diagnostic work. I also describe the stage of a long therapy process of a drug addict in which I worked with night-time dreams in hypnosis in order to help with ego-building.

Key words: Hypnotic dreams, hypnotic diagnosis of night-time dreams, “dream room”, diagnostic hypnotherapy, processing trauma

Preliminary research study
Ágnes Bálint: Adolescents’ identity projects in the reflection of their novels published on the internet

Adolescents face new challenges by their quick bodily changes, the revival of the Oedipal complex, separation from the parents, the grandiose self, taking up of new commitments, and new cognitive competencies.
Adolescents, while working on the resolution of their identity crisis, create identity projects via daydreaming. In their imaginations they plan their future identities, fulfill their wishes and realize various careers. The study of identity projects can contribute to a better understanding of adolescent identity crisis.
The aim of this pilot study is to map the feasibility of an extended research on adolescents? identity projects. In the course of the qualitative analysis of nine novels, written by adolescents, it reveals the common features of identity projects as well as the incoherent nature of the texts. The heroes of the novels can be considered the authors? identity projects. These heroes share aspirations for autonomy, sense of competence and responsibility, and a thirst for positive feedback. They assign a great role for themselves in the improvement or the rescue of the world. They tend to stay on the ?right side?, and ready to face ?Evil?. On the field of partnerships they long for love, intimacy and commitment. They usually emphasize their national identities as well.
The analysis includes a series of new hypotheses and issues for further research.

Key words: adolescents, creativity, identity crisis, identity project, novel

Overview
Edit Jakubovits, Noémi Császár, Péter Pál Varga: Hypnosis and suggestive techniques within the preoperative period of primer spine tumour and chronic back pain

In this paper we are summarising the potential of hypnotherapy in the perioperative, operative and postoperative phases of primer spine tumour and chronic back pain patients. Up until now there was no relevant literature on this special subject. We are going to review the usability of hypnosis and suggestive techniques in this field. Suggestive therapy reflects to those techniques that can reach therapeutic effect by suggestive communication in altered states of consciousness. Hypnosis is a mental intervention which can effect psychological and physical changes as a result of altered brain activity. From this it follows that hypnosis may possess two major potentials for treatment: the first being symptom management, the second addressing psychological causes of illness. Hypnosis could serve as an effective tool for managing severe pain and analgesia characteristic of the pre-and postoperative periods in spine tumours. Illness, pain and anxiety result in a narrowed focus of attention and in an altered state of consciousness. This state resembles hypnosis, which explains why hypnotic procedures are suitable for establishing communication with, and improving the condition of, the patients. Pain relief and/or the activation of immune cells can be prompted by the employment of physical suggestions which can be effectively applied by doctors, physical therapists and nurses alike. The psychologist?s field of competence should concern the psychological effects of hypnosis. Psychotherapeutic approaches may help unveil stressful life events underlying the illness and activate coping strategies, even in the terminal stage. In hypnosis, spine tumour patients become able to experience that they can still do something for themselves even during the time of helplessness caused by their illness. Spine patients are treated by a team of orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologist, physiotherapist and psychotherapists in our institute. Our paper presents findings concerning hypnosis efficacy and suggests further potentials of team work by introducing the complex treatment protocol of spine tumour patients.

Keywords: spine tumour, hypnosis, suggestion, teamwork

The way we work…
Nóra Soós, Gábor Szőnyi: Closer to the large group
Gáspár Takách: Thoughts on the paper of Nóra Soós and Gábor Szőnyi “Closer to the large group”
Tamás Tölgyes: Comments to the paper of Nóra Soós and Gábor Szőnyi “Closer to the large group”

The large group is a peculiar part of a therapeutic regime or professional conference. Its culture was spread by the one-time annual workshop: “psychotherapy week-ends” where several large groups were held. The renewed format, organized by the Hungarian Association for Group Psychotherapy offers an opportunity to experience large groups.
In our case presentation, we invite the reader to join such a series of large groups. We present one full series from the notes we prepared separately after each session. It also offers an insight into the dynamics of co-leadership. Through the leaders? work we want to demonstrate the complexity of large groups, how individual, group, inter-group and social processes are at work, and how the relationships between staff, organization and large group become tangible.
Notes made on the chosen session are published in their original version. We also communicate the pressure of being able to write down what happened during the large group, what was there, and what it was about. However, it is clear that our interpretation is only one possible understanding of the events, and not all of the events.
When we prepared this paper, we had to experience recurrently, how our image of the large group changed each time we reread the notes or rethought the process.
According to the genre “The way we work…” we do not discuss theoretical issues, but present the most important features of our approach.

Key-words: large group, organization, group- and inter-group processes, group conductor’s dilemmas

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